This Is How The Brits Turned VW’s Wolfsburg Plant From An Armament Maker Into A Car Production Site



The iconic Volkswagen Beetle can trace its roots back to the pre-World War II days, but it was not until 1945, when hostilities ceased, that the model entered full production.

With Germany under Allied control and the British Military Government grabbing the reins of the Wolfsburg facility, it was the strategic vision of Major Ivan Hirst that transformed the factory from an armament maker into a car production site.

‘Type 1’, which was the internal designation of the Beetle, entered full production on December 27, 1945, one month after the Works Council, which was elected in a democratic ballot, held its first meeting, and four months after they received an order for 20,000 vehicles from the British Military Government.

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The production start of the Beetle was seen as the dawn of a new era, one filled with hope in the times that followed the war. However, the first step was a rather small one, considering that they encountered problems not only with raw materials, but also with supplying the workforce with food and living spaces.

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